If you check what nocebo means, from Wikipedia :
"The nocebo effect is when a negative expectation of a phenomenon causes it to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would."
"For example, when a patient anticipates a side effect of a treatment, he/she can suffer them even if the medication provided is an inert substance. "
"It has been shown that, due to the nocebo effect, warning patients about side effects of drugs can contribute to the causation of such effects, whether the drug is real or not. "
So, if indeed EHS was caused by a nocebo effect, then the only symptoms anybody would ever be able to complain about would be something they expected and have heard of, from others, or in the media.
If Nocebo is to be the explanation, some credible studies that completely unexpected symptoms can arise out of a completely unexpected cause, which I have not yet found.
Otherwise, Nocebo is just a cover for anything you can't explain..
You may as well go to the doctor and say doc my leg hurts.. Oh, it's just Nocebo, because we x-rayed your leg and found nothing.. except they don't do that, because they felt themselves that you can have pain without any apparent diagnosis!!.. No diagnosis, yet pain.. and yet, not nocebo??..
There are millions of people in pain which cannot be diagnosed.. And they keep going for test after test, and try to find out why. Does the doctor tell them they have nocebo?
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^ I would vouch for this. Both of my parents are MDs, and they have such a malleable and self-serving definition of the placebo effect that it would have to be omnipotent and omni-malevolent.
The things that led me to suspect ES predate my reading about it by 7-9 years (independently verifiable), so the placebo effect would have to be a magical force that can go backward in time.
Besides, there's never been a placebo controlled measurement of ES as far as I can tell. Every study I've seen has used ineffective shielding, so the subjects were never removed from exposure in the first place. Take a close look at citation #4 from the Wikipedia page on electromagnetic hypersensitivity (Regel et al. 2006, which you can get at sci-hub.cc):
- They have a one side open "shield," which is an oxymoron.
- They have multiple conductors running through the aforementioned "shield," but no mention of filtration (See "penetrations" below.)
- They have a keyboard, LCD display and mouse inside the "shield." (See bottom.)
- They claim that 80 MHz - 4 GHz background RF levels were tested before and after the experiment, but that excludes some of the most likely background frequencies, and they don't say whether the computer and display were turned on during those tests.
This is from my introductory electromagnetic compatibility manual:
LCDs shouldn't be inside the shield for two reasons: First, they typically have something called a boost converter to generate the correct voltage for the backlight. For example, my mini-computer's display uses a Fairchild Semiconductor FAN5333BSX, which runs at 1.6 MHz:
As another example, this display uses a Linear Technology LT3754 boost converter, which runs at between 100kHz and 1 MHz:
Second, they usually have pulsating dimmers. You can see in the schematic for the backlight on my mini-computer (pg.8 of the datasheet) that there's a line labeled EHRPWM1A. That refers to the EHRPWM facility of the Texas Instruments processor on the board:
They also shouldn't have a keyboard in the shielded area:
On top of that, some switching power supplies operate at frequencies that aren't blocked by conductive shielding:
Anybody who never had EHS and doesn't know somebody with EHS doesn't really understand how the diagnosis gets made.
They think the person just decided they don't like Wifi and then it's causing them problem now.
Facts are, that symptoms appear first, and then the connection to EMF is made second. Also, likely in 100% of cases, the person is amazed and shocked at the correlation between their symptoms and EMF fields, and can't even believe it themselves.
You can't have retroactive nocebo.
Once the connection is made, nocebo can then start, and the person could technically become much worse even though they may have been just slightly affected. That part I can believe.
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